Monday, June 10, 2013

1306.1736 (Marko Woelki)

Density-feedback control in traffic and transport far from equilibrium    [PDF]

Marko Woelki
A bottleneck situation in one-lane traffic-flow is typically modelled with a constant demand of entering cars. However, in practice this demand may depend on the density of cars in the bottleneck. The present paper studies a simple bimodal realization of this mechanism to which we refer to as density-feedback control (DFC): If the actual density in the bottleneck is above a certain threshold, the reservoir density of possibly entering cars is reduced to a different constant value. By numerical solution of the discretized viscid Burgers equation a rich stationary phase diagram is found. In order to maximize the flow, which is the goal of typical traffic-management strategies, we fi?nd the optimal choice of the threshold. Analytical results are verified by computer simulations of the microscopic TASEP with DFC.
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