Tuesday, June 18, 2013

1306.3866 (Hans Hooyberghs et al.)

Efficiency at maximum power of a chemical engine    [PDF]

Hans Hooyberghs, Bart Cleuren, Alberto Salazar, Joseph O. Indekeu, Christian Van den Broeck
A cyclically operating chemical engine is considered that converts chemical energy into mechanical work. The working fluid is a gas of finite-sized spherical particles interacting through elastic hard collisions. For a generic transport law for particle uptake and release, the efficiency at maximum power $\eta$ takes the form 1/2+c\Delta \mu + O(\Delta \mu^2), with 1/2 a universal constant and $\Delta \mu$ the chemical potential difference between the particle reservoirs. The linear coefficient c is zero for engines featuring a so-called left/right symmetry or particle fluxes that are antisymmetric in the applied chemical potential difference. Remarkably, the leading constant in $\eta$ is non-universal with respect to an exceptional modification of the transport law. For a nonlinear transport model we obtain \eta = 1/(\theta +1), with \theta >0 the power of $\Delta \mu$ in the transport equation
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.3866

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