Tuesday, June 25, 2013

1306.5476 (Ingo Homrighausen et al.)

Fluctuation Effects in the Pair Annihilation Process with Lévy

Ingo Homrighausen, Anton A. Winkler, Erwin Frey
We investigate the density decay in the pair annihilation process A+A->0 in the case when the particles perform anomalous diffusion on a cubic lattice. The anomalous diffusion is realized via L\'evy flights, which are characterized by long-range jumps and lead to superdiffusive behavior. As a consequence, the critical dimension depends continuously on the control parameter of the L\'evy flight distribution. This instance is used to study the system close to the critical dimension by means of the non-perturbative renormalization group theory. Close to the critical dimension, the assumption of well-stirred reactants is violated by anticorrelations between the particles, and the law of mass action breaks down. The breakdown of the law of mass action is known to be caused by long-range fluctuations. We identify three interrelated consequences of these fluctuations. Firstly, despite being a non-universal quantity and thus depending on the microscopic details, the renormalized reaction rate can be approximated by a universal law close to the critical dimension. The emergence of universality relies on the fact that long-range fluctuations suppress the influence of the underlying microscopic details. Secondly, as criticality is approached, the macroscopic reaction rate decreases such that the law of mass action loses its significance. And thirdly, additional non-analytic power law corrections complement the analytic law of mass action term. An increasing number of those corrections accumulate and give an essential contribution as the critical dimension is approached. We test our findings for two implementations of L\'evy flights that differ in the way how they cross over to the normal diffusion.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.5476

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