Wednesday, June 26, 2013

1306.5774 (Thomas Iadecola et al.)

Generalized energy and time-translation invariance in a driven,
dissipative system

Thomas Iadecola, Claudio Chamon, Roman Jackiw, So-Young Pi
Driven condensed matter systems consistently pose substantial challenges to theoretical understanding. Progress in the study of such systems has been achieved using the Floquet formalism, but certain aspects of this approach are not well understood. In this paper, we consider the exceptionally simple case of the rotating Kekul\'e mass in graphene through the lens of Floquet theory. We show that the fact that this problem is gauge-equivalent to a time-independent problem implies that the "quasi-energies" of Floquet theory correspond to a continuous symmetry of the full time-dependent Lagrangian. We use the conserved Noether charge associated with this symmetry to recover notions of equilibrium statistical mechanics.
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