Wednesday, July 10, 2013

1307.2512 (Juzar Thingna et al.)

Reduced density matrix for nonequilibrium steady states: A modified
Redfield solution approach

Juzar Thingna, Jian-Sheng Wang, Peter Hänggi
We describe a method to obtain the reduced density matrix (RDM) correct up to second order in system-bath coupling in \emph{nonequilibrium} steady state situations. The RDM is obtained via a scheme based on analytic continuation, using the time-local Redfield-like quantum master equation, which was earlier used by the same authors [J. Chem. Phys. \textbf{136}, 194110 (2012)] to obtain the correct thermal equilibrium description. This nonequilibrium modified Redfield solution is then corroborated with the exact RDM obtained via the nonequilibrium Green's function technique for the quantum harmonic oscillator. Lastly, the scheme is compared to different quantum master equations (QMEs), namely the time-local Redfield-like and the Lindblad-like QMEs, in order to illustrate the differences between each of these approaches.
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