Monday, July 22, 2013

1307.5227 (Yaming Chen et al.)

Weak-noise limit of a piecewise-smooth stochastic differential equation    [PDF]

Yaming Chen, Adrian Baule, Hugo Touchette, Wolfram Just
We investigate the validity and accuracy of weak-noise (saddle-point or instanton) approximations for piecewise-smooth stochastic differential equations (SDEs), taking as an illustrative example a piecewise-constant SDE, which serves as a simple model of Brownian motion with solid friction. For this model, we show that the weak-noise approximation of the path integral correctly reproduces the known propagator of the SDE at lowest order in the noise power, as well as the main features of the exact propagator with higher-order corrections, provided that the singularity of the path integral associated with the non-smooth SDE is treated with some heuristics. We also show that, as in the case of smooth SDEs, the deterministic paths of the noiseless system correctly describe the behaviour of the non-smooth SDE in the low-noise limit. Finally, we consider a smooth regularisation of the piecewise-constant SDE and study to which extent this regularisation can rectify some of the problems encountered when dealing with discontinuous drifts and singularities in SDEs.
View original:

No comments:

Post a Comment