Tuesday, July 23, 2013

1307.5707 (Leonardo Ermann et al.)

Quantum Gibbs distribution from dynamical thermalization in classical
nonlinear lattices

Leonardo Ermann, Dima L. Shepelyansky
We study numerically time evolution in classical lattices with weak or moderate nonlinearity which leads to interactions between linear modes. Our results show that in a certain strength range a moderate nonlinearity generates a dynamical thermalization process which drives the system to the quantum Gibbs distribution of probabilities, or average oscillation amplitudes. The effective dynamical temperature of the lattice varies from large positive to large negative values depending on energy of initially excited modes. This quantum Gibbs distribution is drastically different from usually expected energy equipartition over linear modes corresponding to a regime of classical thermalization. Possible experimental observations of this dynamical thermalization are discussed for cold atoms in optical lattices, nonlinear photonic lattices and optical fiber arrays.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5707

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