Tuesday, July 30, 2013

1307.7684 (Thomas E. Markland et al.)

Unraveling quantum mechanical effects in water using isotopic

Thomas E. Markland, B. J. Berne
When two phases of water are at equilibrium, the ratio of hydrogen isotopes in each is slightly altered due to their different phase affinities. This isotopic fractionation process can be utilized to analyze water's movement in the world's climate. Here we show that equilibrium fractionation ratios, an entirely quantum mechanical property, also provide a sensitive probe to assess the magnitude of nuclear quantum fluctuations in water. By comparing the predictions of a series of water models, we show that those describing the OH chemical bond as rigid or harmonic greatly over-predict the magnitude of isotope fractionation. Models that account for anharmonicity in this coordinate are shown to provide much more accurate results due to their ability to give partial cancellation between inter and intra-molecular quantum effects. These results give evidence of the existence of competing quantum effects in water and allow us to identify how this cancellation varies across a wide range of temperatures. In addition, this work demonstrates that simulation can provide accurate predictions and insights into hydrogen fractionation.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.7684

No comments:

Post a Comment