Monday, August 5, 2013

1308.0430 (Adam Nahum et al.)

Length Distributions in Loop Soups    [PDF]

Adam Nahum, J. T. Chalker, P. Serna, M. Ortuno, A. M. Somoza
Statistical lattice ensembles of loops in three or more dimensions typically have phases in which the longest loops fill a finite fraction of the system. In such phases it is natural to ask about the distribution of loop lengths. We show how to calculate moments of these distributions using $CP^{n-1}$ or $RP^{n-1}$ and O(n) $\sigma$ models together with replica techniques. The resulting joint length distribution for macroscopic loops is Poisson-Dirichlet with a parameter $\theta$ fixed by the loop fugacity and by symmetries of the ensemble. We also discuss features of the length distribution for shorter loops, and use numerical simulations to test and illustrate our conclusions.
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