Friday, July 26, 2013

1307.6786 (Fabrizio Altarelli et al.)

Bayesian inference of epidemics on networks via Belief Propagation    [PDF]

Fabrizio Altarelli, Alfredo Braunstein, Luca Dall'Asta, Alejandro Lage-Castellanos, Riccardo Zecchina
We study several bayesian inference problems for irreversible stochastic epidemic models on networks from a statistical physics viewpoint. We derive equations which allow to accurately compute the posterior distribution of the time evolution of the state of each node given some observations. At difference with most existing methods, we allow very general observation models, including unobserved nodes, state observations made at different or unknown times, and observations of infection times, possibly mixed together. Our method, which is based on the Belief Propagation algorithm, is efficient, naturally distributed, and exact on trees. As a particular case, we consider the problem of finding the "zero patient" of a SIR or SI epidemic given a snapshot of the state of the network at a later unknown time. Numerical simulations show that our method outperforms previous ones on both synthetic and real networks, in some cases by a very large margin.
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