Friday, June 21, 2013

0911.3748 (Takashi Mori et al.)

Asymptotic forms and scaling properties of the relaxation time near
threshold points in spinodal-type dynamical phase transitions

Takashi Mori, Seiji Miyashita, Per Arne Rikvold
We study critical properties of the relaxation time at a threshold point in switching processes between bistable states under change of external fields. In particular, we investigate the relaxation processes near the spinodal point of the infinitely long-range interaction model (the Husimi-Temperley model) by analyzing the scaling properties of the corresponding Fokker-Planck equation. We also confirm the obtained scaling relations by direct numerical solution of the original master equation, and by kinetic Monte Carlo simulation of the stochastic decay process. In particular, we study the asymptotic forms of the divergence of the relaxation time near the spinodal point, and reexamine its scaling properties. We further extend the analysis to transient critical phenomena such as a threshold behavior with diverging switching time under a general external driving perturbation. This models photo-excitation processes in spin-crossover materials. In the ongoing development of nano-size fabrication, such size-dependence of switching processes should be an important issue, and the properties obtained here will be applicable to a wide range of physical processes.
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