Friday, June 21, 2013

1306.4718 (Ehsan Noruzifar et al.)

Scattering Approach for Fluctuation--Induced Interactions at Fluid

Ehsan Noruzifar, Jef Wagner, Roya Zandi
We develop the scattering formalism to calculate the interaction between colloidal particles trapped at a fluid interface. Since, in addition to the interface, the colloids may also fluctuate in this system, we implement the fluctuation of the boundaries into the scattering formalism and investigate how the interaction between colloids is modified by their fluctuations. This general method can be applied to any number of colloids with various geometries at an interface. We apply the formalism derived in this work to a system of spherical colloids at the interface between two fluid phases. For two spherical colloids, this method very effectively reproduces the previous known results. For three particles we find analytical expressions for the large separation asymptotic energies and numerically calculate the Casimir interaction at all separations. Our results show an interesting three body effect for fixed and fluctuating colloids. While the three body effect strengthens the attractive interaction between fluctuating colloids, it diminishes the attractive force between colloids fixed at an interface.
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